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          DRABC Action Plan

DRABC Action Plan
Marine Creatures
Land Creatures






Are you or the casualty in any danger? If you have not already done so, make the situation safe and then assess the casualty.

Check for a Response: Ask them a question, give a command, gently shake the shoulders.Response

If the casualty appears unconscious check this by shouting

Can you hear me?’, ‘Open your eyes
and gently shaking their shoulders.

If there is no response, shout for help then follow the ABC Procedure below:

Open the airwayAirway

Open the airway by placing one hand on the casualty’s forehead and gently tilting the head back.

Check the mouth for obstructions and then lift the chin using 2 fingers only.

Look, listen and feel for breathing for 10 secondsBreathing

  • Spend 10 seconds checking to see if the casualty is breathing:
  • Look to see if the chest is rising and falling. Listen for breathing.
  • Feel for breath against your cheek.

If the casualty is breathing, place them in the recovery position.

  • Check for other life-threatening conditions.

If the casualty is not breathing, and the condition is due to injury, drowning, or choking or they are less than 8 years old, continue with sequence.

For any other casualty who is not breathing, call an ambulance, then return to casualty and begin sequence again.

  • Give 2 rescue breaths


Spend 10 seconds checking for signs of circulation: look, listen and feel for breathing, coughing, movement or any other signs of life.


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